Cystoscopy is examination
of the lining of the bladder
using a thin, fibre-optic 'telescope'.
The procedure is used to
investigate the cause of
urinary symptoms, such as urgency, frequency or blood
in the urine, or as part of the investigation of cancer
Cystoscopy is usually performed
under a general
anaesthetic as a day-case procedure and takes about
The urethra (the tube through
which urine passes from
the bladder to the outside) is dilated and the bladder
filled with fluid through a soft plastic tube called a
catheter. The cystoscope is then inserted to examine the
lining of the bladder.
Normal activities can be
resumed the following day.
In patients undergoing major
abdominal surgery (e.g. for
cancer of the cervix or ovary), cystoscopy may be used to
insert plastic stents into the ureters (the tubes which
drain the urine from the kidneys into the bladder), so that
the surgeon can identify them more easily. The stents are
removed after surgery.