The female genital tract
The female genital tract includes the vulva,
cervix, uterus, Fallopian tubes and ovaries.
The vulva is the fleshy folds that surround
opening to the vagina.
The vagina is a muscular canal or 'tube'
between the vulva and the cervix.
The cervix is a 'barrel-shaped' organ which
the end of the vagina. It is sometimes called the
'neck of the womb'.
The uterus (or womb) extends from the cervix
lies within the pelvis. The uterus is the organ in
which the baby develops.
The endometrium lines the uterus. This lining
becomes progressively thicker towards the end of
the menstrual cycle in preparation for the fertilized
egg. If fertilization does not occur, the top layer of
the endometrium breaks down and is lost during
The Fallopian tubes connect the uterus to
When an egg is released by an ovary, it passes into
the Fallopian tube, where it is fertilized, and then
down into the uterus.
The ovaries lie at the end of each Fallopian
Every month, an egg is produced from one of the
ovaries and develops in a small 'cyst' (or follicle).