Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)

• The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a well-   established and reliable form of contraception. It is more
  often used by women who have had at least one child,
  because the cervix has been dilated and therefore insertion
  is easier. It is however, possible for a woman who has had
  no children to use an IUCD.

• The device is usually inserted immediately following a period.
  The procedure can usually be carried out at a clinic, without
  the need for any anaesthetic, and takes 2-3 minutes.

• An instrument called a speculum is inserted to hold the walls
  of the vagina apart. The IUCD is then placed in the uterus
  using a fine plastic introducer.

• A string leads from the IUCD through the cervix. This is   necessary to aid removal and to allow the woman to check   that it is still in position, though it is unlikely to be dislodged.

• The IUCD can, if desired, remain in place for 3-8 years.

• The IUCD has the advantages that there are no worries about   remembering to use contraception and it does not interfere   with intercourse. The IUCD may, however, cause slightly   heavier periods or period pain.